Violence Against Women

Violence against Women/Girls (VAW/G) refers to any act that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women and girls. It is estimated that 35% of women worldwide[4] have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or sexual violence by a non-partner (not including sexual harassment) at some point in their lives. It is estimated that of the 87,000 women who were intentionally killed in 2017 globally, more than half (50,000 – 58%) were killed by intimate partners or family members. This means that 137 women across the world are killed by a member of their own family every day. More than a third (30,000) of the women intentionally killed in 2017 were killed by their current or former intimate partner.[5]

Types of VAW/G

  • Sexual Abuse
  • Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
  • Early/Forced Child Marriages
  • Emotional & Psychological Abuse
  • Verbal abuse
  • Financial Abuse
  • Elder Abuse
  • Harassment/Sexual Harassment
  • Human trafficking/ Sex Trafficking

Consequences of VAW/G

Short – term effects

Physical injuries such as Cuts, broken bones, or injuries to organs and other parts inside of your body.

  • Sexual violence short-term physical effects may include: Vaginal bleeding or pelvic pain, unwanted pregnancy, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Trouble sleeping/nightmares[6]

Long term effects

Anxiety
HIV/AIDS
Asthma
Chronic Pain
Stress
Migraine Headaches  
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Heart problems
Digestive problems e.g. stomach ulcer
Depression
Arthritis  

References

[4] Read further at Global and regional estimates of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence

[5] United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2018). Global Study on Homicide 2018, p. 10

[6] The Costs and Consequences of Sexual Violence and Cost-Effective Solutions. Publication from the National Alliance to End Sexual Violence.

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