Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
Intimate partner violence (IPV) defines any physical, emotional, sexual, emotional abuse or controlling behaviors by an intimate partner. It occurs among all sociocultural and economic groups with the victims of IPV being overwhelmingly women (WHO factsheet). A multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence against women found that IPV was widespread in all countries with up to 61% of women reporting having ever experienced physical violence by a partner and 59% having experienced sexual violence by a partner at some point in their lives (WHO Multi-Country study). In Kenya, 39% of women reported having experienced either sexual or physical IPV at some point in their lives, with 12% having experienced some form of IPV in the last 12 months (KDHS 2014).
According to UNAIDS, women who have experienced IPV are 3 times more likely to be infected with HIV than women who haven’t (UNAIDS Girls and HIV). HIV prevalence among women also peaks at the same age range when violence against women peaks, between the ages of 20 to 30 years (UNAIDS). A study conducted by LVCT health reflect these statistics with 47% of women reporting IPV, and the prevalence being highest among those 18 – 25 years.